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E-books are 50 years old (!)

Jul 14, 2021

It's hard to believe, but it's true: eBooks have been with us for half a century.

"Fifty years ago, on July 4, 1971, Michael S. Hart, a computer scientist at the University of Illinois, was given an operator’s account to the University’s Xerox Sigma V mainframe and thereby access to the ARPANET. ... [He ended up launching] what was to become Project Gutenberg," Todd A. Carpenter ("Happy Birthday to the eBook!," July 13, 2021,

From the Theological Commons to HathiTrust to all the millions you'll find in the other research databases, eBooks are plentiful today!